Fault levels

High voltage network fault levels

As part of our Distribution Annual Planning Report, we publish the Annual Fault Study Summary Report (XLSX 479.8 kb) which provides information on the maximum fault levels and the corresponding sequence components at certain specified substations.

The actual maximum fault currents will change over time, including as a result of any reconfigurations of the electricity distribution system or transmission system, penetration levels of embedded generators (eg solar PV) and demand conditions at the time.

Designing our network for fault levels

We design our electricity network (or distribution system) to meet the maximum fault currents set out in the table below.

Distribution system voltage (kV)Single phase fault level withstandThree phase fault level withstand
1125 kA/3 s25 kA/3 s
2225 kA/3 s25 kA/3 s
3325 kA/3 s25 kA/3 s
6625 kA/3 s25 kA/3 s
132/11040 kA/1 s40 kA/1 s

Impacts on your electrical equipment

Any electrical equipment that is connected (directly or indirectly) to our network must be designed to safely withstand the range of operating conditions that may arise at the connection point.

You must ensure that any circuit breakers/switchgear on your side of the connection point that isolate your premises from our electricity network have sufficient ratings to safely break the fault currents (both active and reactive) that may occur on our network.

Low voltage network fault levels

The maximum three-phase fault currents that can be expected on the Low Voltage (LV) terminals of a distribution transformer are set out in the table below.

Network rating (kVA)Transformer typeTransformer nominal impedance (%)Maximum LV three phase fault current (kA)
25Pole mount3.30%1.1
63Pole mount4.00%2.3
100Pole mount4.00%3.7
200Pole mount4.00%7.4
315Pole mount and padmount4.00%11.7
500Pole mount and padmount4.00%18.5
750Padmount5.00%22.2
1000Padmount5.00%29.6
1500Padmount6.25%35.6

The fault currents correspond to a worst-case transformer impedance of 90% of nominal impedance, as transformer standards allow for a ±10% tolerance on nominal impedance. These values also assume an infinite HV bus is applied at the transformer at 1.0p.u. voltage.

The pole transformer size is written on the transformer tank (for newer transformers) and is visible from the ground. The padmount transformer size is also written on the tank (for newer transformers).

Standard distribution transformer LV fusing information can be found within the Overhead Construction Manual (PDF 6.9 mb) and the Underground Construction Manual (PDF 20.3 mb). Note that some older transformers may have different LV fuse sizes installed as compared to the current standard fuse size, and some padmount transformers may have an LV circuit breaker installed.

Requesting detailed fault level information

If you’d like more detailed fault level information, you can complete our online enquiry form. Please note that there may be a fee for this service.

It is a two step process:

  • Step 1 - Complete the Fault Level Enquiry form and you'll receive an email with an attached text (.txt) file which is a summary of your competed form. Save this text file and attach it to your General Enquiry (see step 2).
  • Step 2 - Submit a General Enquiry via the Electrical Partners Portal attaching your saved Fault Level Enquiry form summary text file.